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The island of Zaporizhian Cossacks - Khortytsia

Khortytsia (Ukrainian: Хо́ртиця, Khortyts'a, Russian: Хо́ртица, Khortitsa, Polish: Chortyca) is a national cultural reserve (sanctuary) located on one of the largest islands of the Dnieper river, in Ukraine.

The island has played an important role in the history of Ukraine, specially in the history of the Zaporozhian Cossacks.

The island has unique flora and fauna, including oak groves, spruce woods, meadows, and steppe. The northern part of the island is very rocky and high (rising 30 m (98 ft) above the river bed) in comparison to the southern part, which is low, and often flooded by the waters of the Dnieper.

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The major part of the sanctuary covers the Zaporizhian Cossack Museum that includes the Cossack horse show. The museum building is modern, nestling low in the landscape with dramatic views of the Dnieper Hydroelectric Station to the north. The museum was built on October 14, 1983 as the Museum of Zaporizhia History although its project was approved by the Ministry of Culture and Derzhbud of Ukraine in December 1970.

The expo area of the museum was accounted for 1,600 m2 (17,000 sq ft) portraying following themes: Khortytsia in ancient times, history of Zaporizhian Cossacks, history of Zaporizhia at times of construction of socialism. There also existed four dioramas: "Battle of Sviatoslav at rapids" (author - M.Ovyechkin), "Uprising of the impoverished cossacks at Zaporizhian Sich in 1768" (M.Ovyechkin), "Construction of Dnieper HES" (V.Trotsenko), "Night storm of Zaporizhia city in October 1943" (M.Ovyechkin). Part of the museum became also the Zaporizhian Oak located at the Upper Khortytsia.

The museum contains exhibits dating from the Stone Age through the Scythian period (c.750 - 250 BC) down to the 20th century.